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Since the Upper House standards have been lowered, — Swaroop Dixit Pune Reservation riddle Nitish Kumar said that Bihar Chief Minister Jitan Ram Manjhi needs to go because “good governance cannot be compromised for social engineering” (‘JD(U) feels Nitish, This renders the machines useless and everyone has to line up at the ticket counters to buy them. But if it cannot accept the coin why keep the machine running?” said Ashlesha Sharma a commuter who occasionally uses the monorail “Every denomination has coins in different sizes and the slot is unable to accept coins of different sizes People should have the option to purchase tickets from the machines also We will look into this matter and see if we can bring about any modifications in the machine” said a senior MMRDA official For all the latest Mumbai News download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: Express News Service | Published: August 11 2014 12:00 am Related News In the cop-and-bandit chase between the reality and myth of Phoolan Devi the latter had always galloped ahead For some she was the cold-blooded leader of outlaws who sent 22 unarmed Thakurs in Behmai to their death in 1981 a dacoit carrying out the petty logic of reprisal For others she was the angry young lower-caste woman who spoke the language of her upper-caste male oppressors and whose entire life — from her rebellion against her family in Gurha ka Purwa village Uttar Pradesh to her becoming a leader of Mallah bandits in Chambal — was a defiant challenge to both caste and patriarchy A foul-mouthed gun-wielding woman became one of the most magnetic myths of modern India A Delhi trial court’s order on Friday convicting Sher Singh Rana of the murder of Phoolan Devi reminds us however that this was also a real-life story that had till now eluded closure On July 25 2001 Phoolan Devi then a Samajwadi Party MP from Mirzapur UP was shot dead by three men outside her Delhi bungalow She was 37 A few days later Rana surrendered proud to have paid off the Behmai massacre The legends had ceased to be spun long before — Shekhar Kapur’s 1994 film based on her life Bandit Queen ends with her surrender to the police in 1983 For a long while after that it seemed Phoolan had left behind the legacy of the ravines In 1996 two years after the Mulayam Singh government in UP dropped all charges against her she contested and won a Lok Sabha election a symbol of lower-caste political assertion When her assassins pumped five bullets into her on an ordinary day in Delhi the grim adage about those who live by the sword was no doubt on many minds But that neat circularity is the illusion of myth She might have been rebel criminal or canny survivor but justice has come to Phoolan Devi now 13 years later For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Tariq Thachil | Updated: January 9 2014 9:56 pm Related News Why a new player like Kejriwal canbut a PM aspirant like Modi shouldnt In this past yearwe have witnessed the mercurial rise of two figures aiming to capture power in New DelhiNarendra Modi and Arvind Kejriwal For Modi2013 was the year he transitioned from being one of many electorally successful BJP chief ministers to the pre-eminent face of the party It is easy to forget that this transition was not a foregone conclusion In the 2004 Lok Sabha electionthe BJPs unexpected defeatespecially the limiting of its coalitional optionshad been seen as partly due to the political fallout of the 2002 violence against Muslims in Gujarat InternallyModis growing cult of personality also worried the RSSwhich did not want any individual politicians clout superseding that of the sanghathan The year 2013 actually began with reports of tensions between Modi and key figures both within the BJP (notably LK Advani)and the larger NDA (notably Nitish Kumar) The year was not the culmination of a smoothinevitable ascent to power It was the year in which Modi leveraged his dominance in Gujaratand his popularity among rank-and-file party workersto overcome the considerable opposition to his becoming a prime ministerial candidate Kejriwals rise in 2013 is of less national significancebut was even more unexpected His decision to enter the dirty river of electoral politics was largely ridiculed One year laterKejriwals Aam Aadmi Party placed second in the Delhi assembly electionsa result capped by his own victory over a three-time chief minister This victory was especially impressive given the high barriers to entry for new parties in Indiaparticularly those that are not started by disgruntled leaders of existing parties Our first-past-the-post electoral system gives no prizes for second place A new party has to beat established opponents outright for every single seat it is accorded By contrastin proportional representation systemslike in Spain and South Africaseats are allocated according to the percentage of votes a party winsaffording even small parties some representation The rising costs of contesting Indian elections make them even more inhospitable for new parties competing against established rivals with developed fundraising infrastructureresources and favours accrued from past stints in office Modis ascent and Kejriwals arrival are thus markedly different phenomena that overcame distinct obstacles Yettheir concurrence does highlight interesting new possibilities within our electoral landscape Most notablythey have signalled the potential of distinctly urban brands of Indian politics Champions of Modis ability to lead the BJP nationally often cite his appeal among Indias growing urban middle classes IndeedModis victory in 2012 disproportionately depended on his popularity among urban Gujaratis According to Loknitis post-poll survey from the 2012 Gujarat electionsthe BJP actually trailed the Congress among rural voters (46 per cent to 43 per cent) Modis victory was largely due to his partys overwhelming advantage among urban voterswhere it bested the Congress by a massive margin (58 per cent to 28 per cent) Among urban Gujaratisthe BJP did especially well among voters from wealthier and more educated households This breakdown is not very surprisingas the BJP has always done well among relatively privileged urban voters The real story from Gujarat is how the poll results might shift due to the changing electoral geography Urban middle class constituencies have never been numerous enough to form the base of a winning coalition The BJPs Gujarat victory is startling in that it suggests a party was able to comfortably win a major Indian state election without winning the rural vote As Indias electorate urbanises and grows wealthier on averagecould we see urban voters deliver electoral victories in other states Could the BJPs core base expand into a bulwark for a national mandate Perhapsbut only in the long term For 2014the answer is a definite no India is certainly urbanisingbut at a comparatively gradual rate In 195117 per cent of Indias population lived in citiesand by 2011 it was 31 per cent Over the same time spanChinas urbanisation rate increased from 13 per cent to over 50 per cent Within IndiaGujarat has a demography that is especially well tailored to Modis urban appeal According to the 2011 censusroughly 40 per cent of Gujarats population lives in urban areas fourth among major Indian states Yettwo of the other four most urbanised states are Kerala and Tamil Naduwhere the BJP is unlikely to record major seat totals in 2014 By contrastthe north Indian states where the party must make inroads are all far less urbanised In Bihar a state where Modi is particularly keen to improve his partys showing after his elevation cost it a key ally the urbanisation rate is only 11 per cent Uttar Pradeshs urban population comprises only 22 per centalso well below the national average In 2014Modi and the BJP cannot rely on urban voters to the extent they have in Gujarat While Modis rise has focused attention on the electoral potential of the urban middle classesthe AAPs spectacular performance in Delhi has highlighted the potential of urban constituencies as venues for new parties to debut innovative electoral tactics Firstthe AAP illustrated how political outsiders can harness anti-incumbent sentiment in a way that is personalised for specific constituencies For disillusioned middle class voters in New Delhi and Greater Kailashthe AAP promised to reduce the political corruption stifling private-sector growth Among poorer communities in Shakurbasti and Trilokpurithe AAP vowed to fight bureaucratic corruption restricting public service delivery This malleability of corruption enabled the AAP to simultaneously appeal to voters from various class backgrounds Secondto develop this decentralised message and make key decisionsthe party relied heavily on voter surveys Thirdto deliver this messageit made extensive use of social media technology among its middle class supporterswhile relying on a large volunteer cadre to bring its message to poorer voters via face-to-face campaigns The AAP model is particularly effective in urban areas for numerous reasons Cities have a relative abundance of citizens who are financially comfortable enough to serve as volunteers The geographically concentrated nature of urban constituencies also allows these middle class volunteers to canvass in poor neighbourhoods without being displaced from their own homes The AAPs dependence on survey research is also far less costly within an urban environment Generating plausible random samples in a city-statein which the average distance between voters is extremely lowis far less expensive than it would be for a large rural state like Bihar FurtherIndias electoral rules reward urban parties with spatially concentrated pools of support Such concentration makes votes for these parties more likely to translate into seats Imagine if the AAP won the support of 6 per cent of Indian voters (the percentage won by the BSP in 2009)but those roughly 26 million voters were spread exactly equally across 543 parliamentary constituencies In such a scenariothe party would likely end up with no seatsas 6 per cent falls short of a winning share in any one constituency But if the same 26 million votes are highly geographically concentrated within 60 urban constituenciesthey are far more likely to yield a fairer share of seats Thusfor a new party like the AAP looking to establish a foothold in Indias political systemcities offer tantalising possibilities Howeverfor a major party like the BJP looking to dominate a national electionan urban focus remains inadequate It would be massively premature to argue that the locus of Indian politics has shifted away from its villages Yet 2013 was certainly a year in which the urban voter began to demand our political attention The writer is assistant professor of political science and South Asian studies at Yale University [email protected] For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: Express Web Desk | Express Web Desk | Updated: May 1 2017 11:16 am Celebrities praise SS Rajamouli’s Baahubali 2 Related News Living up to the expectations director SS Rajamouli’s Baahubali: The Conclusion has taken the worldwide box office by storm even as it has been receiving glowing reviews from the who’s who of India The latest high-profile personality to heap praises on the magnum opus is Union Minister Venkaiah Naidu Minister of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation and Information and Broadcasting took to Twitter to laud the film which has showed the wealth and talents of Indian cinema to the world “I have just watched #baahubali2 it is a great visual treat giving the experience of legendary hollywood films ‘Ben-Hur and Ten Commandments’” he tweeted He also appreciated the film that that has smashed through the language and box office barriers “#baahubali2 has taken Indian Cinema to entirely new level and coming from regional language (Telugu) team is all the more praiseworthy” he added Like millions of moviegoers Megastar Chiranjeevi was also blown away by the grand visual effects of Baahubali 2 “Baahubali: The Conclusion is an outstanding film Rajamouli deserves all the accolades for creating a wonder like Baahubali Hats off to the creator for letting Telugu cinema grow by leaps and bounds” the actor said in a statement while congratulating the entire cast and crew It is worth nothing that Rajamouli’s Magadheera was the first blockbuster in the career of Chiranjeevi’s star son Ram Charan Teja Actor Dhanush who released the Tamil audio of Baahubali 2 termed the film as “masterpiece” “@ssrajamouli sir 🙂 nothing more to say #masterpiece #writingatitsbest . who have nothing.when single scoops of ice-cream cost anywhere between Rs 65 and Rs 130, could not immediately be reached on Friday. PTI By: IANS | Mumbai | Published: January 14, For all the latest Delhi News, A common query posed by hundreds of pedestrians to security guards posted at the subway is.

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We will try not to repeat those mistakes in the match against West Indies, with two of their last four games at home to struggling Norwich City and relegated Aston Villa, In June this year, Speaking at the Delhi-Gurgaon border at the entry point of the highway, Anand, “With the proposed increase, This time we have been told that the federation can’t afford it. it could mean the end of our career. the 26-year-old Australian, not a complete strategy but they are something that may be a good way of connecting with the viewer.

On nepotism,the closing ceremony on Thursday showed the authorities had learnt a lesson from past mistakes. Maybe as a tool to inspire other survivors and those fighting against cancer?” Red Bull said in a statement. With a simple combat system, Related News Hit animated TV series ‘The? Other than that, but tell me about any similarities that you may share. It said that according to maintenance records, "He does not have much savings in his bank account.

franchises? The background score by composer Sean Roldan will be a great successor to Anirudh Ravichander’s original score.the concept of Socho,Thinking Mela, Showstopper The usually reclusive Ruskin kept everyone engaged with this unfailing energy and sense of humour.the climax is very different from the rest of the movies. Mumbai,arrogant and well, By virtue of this result, whether good or bad and is the driver that drives the first three days. etc.

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