Travel Alert: Diversions for Hunger Strike Commemoration in Lifford/Strabane

first_imgA large crowd is expected to attend the National Hunger Strike Commemoration Parade in Lifford/Strabane this coming Sunday.The event is set to attract thousands of people and a large number of visiting bands who will pay tribute to the Hunger Strikers of 1980/81.The stewarded parade will begin in the Diamond of Lifford at 2.30pm. Gardaí have set out the following traffic plans:There will be traffic diversions on Lifford Bridge, Lifford Main Street, the Diamond and Bridge street (Lifford) on Sunday the 4th of August between 2.30pm and 4.30pm.The march commences at 3pm sharp at the Diamond, Lifford and travels on to Strabane from there, finishing at Abercorn Square.Strabane traffic will be diverted via Clady and Derry traffic will be diverted via St. Johnston/Carrigans. Travel Alert: Diversions for Hunger Strike Commemoration in Lifford/Strabane was last modified: August 2nd, 2019 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Live updates: Warriors vs. Grizzlies, Monday at 7:30 p.m.

first_imgClick HERE if you’re unable to view the gallery on your mobile device. Join us for live news and analysis Monday at 7:30 p.m. when the Warriors take on the Memphis Grizzlies at Oracle.The Warriors (9-1) are looking for their eighth straight win and also hoping to keep their home record perfect as they take on a Memphis team on a back-to-back following a disappointing, last-second loss to Phoenix Sunday night. Golden State has won 5-0 in its last season at Oracle.Memphis (5-3) fell …last_img

The iPhone Ended My Panic Attacks – Could Smartphones Help Others, Too?

first_imgI suffer from panic attacks. At least, I used to – I’ve not had a single one since I got my iPhone. And I’m convinced these two things are related.You may not know this, but panic attacks are surprisingly common. According to a study backed by the National Institutes For Health (NIH), 1 in 8 Americans will experience a panic attack at least once during their lifetime. Perhaps any smartphone would help, or even any device capable of creating both distractions and social connections. For me, though, having my iPhone always nearby, always on, its many features and functions ready to occupy my mind, my eyes, ears and fingertips, is often enough to reduce the onset of an attack. The device seems to draw out, bit by bit, all those fears, worries and repetitive patterns that used to conspire to throw me into despair, fear and then panic.If it really is the iPhone that’s helped mitigate my symptoms, and I believe it is, then perhaps others who suffer from similar attacks – and own a smartphone – can also find some relief.What Is A Panic Attack?The Mayo Clinic defines a panic attack as:A sudden episode of intense fear that triggers severe physical reactions when there is no real danger or apparent cause. Panic attacks can be very frightening. When panic attacks occur, you might think you’re losing control, having a heart attack or even dying.In a panic attack, the overwhelming sense of fear, as real as it is inexplicable, wreaks havoc not only on your psyche but on your daily contribution to the world. An attack can strike seemingly at random: at home, with friends at a bar, at work, standing in line at Starbucks; anywhere, anytime. That’s what makes them so debilitating. Twice, I went to the hospital, convinced my symptoms meant an impending drop-dead heart attack. Both times I was told I was not having a heart attack. Eventually, I was diagnosed as suffering from anxiety disorder – which can lead to panic attacks. To treat anxiety, doctors recommend exercise, meditation, more sleep and visualization techniques. For those who suffer full-blown panic attacks, professional help is suggested, as is medication. I was prescribed Prozac. Since getting an iPhone, however – though my case absolutly may not be typical – I have been able to gradually reduce my daily Prozac to its lowest available dosage. I expect to soon be off it entirely. I have also stopped seeing a therapist.Using The iPhone To Improve My (Mental) HealthThe potential for the iPhone to aid physical healthcare delivery and diagnostics is well documented. The market for smartphone tools that aid mental health is far less robust. But they do exist. For example, the iPhone app Viary, leverages traditional cognitive behavior therapy techniques:Together with a therapist, Viary’s clients choose specific actions that will help them achieve a desired goal. For example a client may decide that exercising, eating healthier food, and listening to classical music makes them feel less depressed. Viary sets reminders for these behaviors – walk for 15 minutes every morning, take a vegetarian lunch, tune into some Beethoven etc, – and the app then collects data on these completed actions. Therapists or coaches can then monitor a client’s progress in real time and even respond. For me, however, I’m convinced that simply possessing an iPhone has improved my mental health. No matter what symptom crops up, using the iPhone helps calm me down and makes me feel more connected. If I feel inexplicably worried, no matter where I am, no matter who I am with – and this is out of necessity – I pull out my iPhone and start texting. I later apologize to those I am with.If I feel alone, I call someone. If I get angry, I play a game – preferably online, with friends. When I am bored, I read on my Kindle app. When I can’t get a song out of my head, I take to Twitter. If my breathing seems off, I make reminder lists of what I need to do for the day, the week, the rest of my life. If the feelings persist, I open Evernote and scroll through all the notes that have a “thankful” tag attached to them.If I feel like I can’t leave the house, I check my Fitbit app, find out how many steps I’ve taken that day, then tell myself I will go outside just long enough to add 1,000 more to my total. This usually works. Sometimes, when things get really dark, I scroll through my photos, which makes me happy. If that’s not enough, I make notes to myself of everything I am grateful for – then email them, knowing my wife can later access the account. And when I feel good, good enough even to help others, I sit in the sun, pull out my iPhone and write a blog post. Like now.Image courtesy of Shutterstock.  Related Posts Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfacescenter_img brian s hall Tags:#health#iPhone#smartphones The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technologylast_img read more

Go Beyond the Webinar: Insights, Experiences, and Strategies for Working with Military Families around Child Resilience

first_imgThere were many other takeaways that our participants shared after the webinar’s conclusion and we encourage all of you to watch the archived version to gather your own key takeaways. If you are a Licensed Social Worker, Family Therapist, or Professional Counselor, we offer 1.5 Free CEUs for this webinar. You can find out more information on how to obtain those CEUs here.This post was written by Bari Sobelson, MS, LMFT, the Social Media and Programming Coordination Specialist for the MFLN Family Development Team. The Family Development team aims to support the development of professionals working with military families. Find out more about the Military Families Learning Network Family Development concentration on our website, Facebook, and Twitter. By Bari Sobelson, MS, LMFTOn Thursday, July 13, Dr. Catherine Mogil provided an enlightening and insightful webinar for us on exploring resilience in Military Children.Below are a few of the key takeaways that our participants shared they obtained through their participation in this webinar.The study showing findings that anxiety levels in children were higher after the return of the service member (from deployment)Look at slide 23 of the PowerPoint for more information on this interesting finding. Also, take a look at the graph on slide 42  showing the types of anxiety displayed throughout the deployment spiral (see next point).Deployments can be viewed as a spiralThere is an illustration of this spiral on slide 20 of the PowerPoint. Catherine states, ” National Military Family Association says it’s (deployment) not really a cycle; you don’t enter the next deployment the same way you entered the deployment before. You are now changed.”Children of ALL ages and developmental stages show different emotions relating to the deployment of their parents“Children at different ages may experience different reactions to trauma or stress and express those in different ways”, according to Catherine. She provides more detail on this in slides 12 through 16, providing examples of behaviors at different ages and developmental stages.FOCUS Family Resilience TrainingThe FOCUS model is an 8-module preventive intervention; working with parents only initially, then the children only, meeting with the parents alone again, and then bringing the family back together for the sessions. This model “provides resilience training to military children and families. It teaches practical skills to help families overcome common challenges related to a parents’ military service, to communicate and solve problems effectively, and to successfully set goals together and create a shared family story”. To find out more, click here.The statistics for deployed families are highA statistic from slide number 11 on the PowerPoint states that approximately 225,000 military children have a parent currently deployed. Additional statistics show that there are 1.9 million military children; 68% are younger than 11, 19,000 have had a parent injured, and 2,200 have lost a parent.There is a Veteran Family Wellness Center“It [The UCLA-VA Family Resource and Well-Being Center] is intended to become a national model for veteran families and women veterans, offering a one-stop portal for access to specialized family resilience, social work, legal, education, parenting skills, and other services.” Read more about this here.last_img read more

DeRozan scores 37 as Raptors top Jazz; Nuggets nip Heat

first_imgKammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC FIFA suspend Peru striker Guerrero for failing doping test Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH QC cops nab robbery gang leader, cohort Powell matched his season high with 15 points and Kyle Lowery also had 15 for Toronto.The Jazz are stocked with defensive stoppers, but no one could slow DeRozan in the third quarter. He extended his usual range to beyond the arc and scored in a variety of ways to give the Raptors an 89-82 lead entering the final period.Toronto shot 54 percent and didn’t seem fazed by shot blocker Rudy Gobert or the NBA’s second-stingiest defense.In Denver, Paul Millsap had 27 points, including three straight free throws with 11.9 seconds remaining, and the Denver Nuggets topped the Miami Heat 95-94 on Friday night.Nikola Jokic added 19 points and 14 rebounds as the Nuggets shook off some late struggles at the line to win their second straight on a six-game homestand.ADVERTISEMENT View comments LATEST STORIES CPP denies ‘Ka Diego’ arrest caused ‘mass panic’ among S. Tagalog NPA Stronger peso trims PH debt value to P7.9 trillion Toronto Raptors guard DeMar DeRozan, right, looks to pass the ball as Denver Nuggets guard Gary Harris defends in the second half of an NBA basketball game Wednesday, Nov. 1, 2017, in Denver. The Nuggets won 129-111. (AP Photo/David Zalubowski)SALT LAKE CITY — DeMar DeRozan scored a season-high 37 points and the Toronto Raptors finished their longest road trip of the season Friday night with a 109-100 victory over the Utah Jazz.DeRozan made all 14 of his free throws and added a trio of 3-pointers to complement his trademark mid-range offensive game. His 17 third-quarter points helped stake the Raptors to a lead they never relinquished in handing the Jazz their first loss in six home games.ADVERTISEMENT John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Millsap delivered at a key moment. After missing three of his previous four foul shots, the Nuggets’ big offseason acquisition was fouled at the 3-point line by James Johnson and sunk each of his free throws, delighting a lively crowd at the Pepsi Center.Dion Waiters nearly won it for Miami on the other end with a 3-pointer that rattled in and out in the final second.Goran Dragic scored 23 points for the Heat. Waiters and Johnson each had 15.Denver didn’t have a lead until midway through the third quarter when Jokic swished a short jumper to make 65-63. The Nuggets kept the lead until late in the fourth.In the final minute, Waiters had a driving layup with 30 seconds remaining and Dragic made 1 of 2 from the line to give the Heat a 94-92 lead. MOST READ Read Next Japan ex-PM Nakasone who boosted ties with US dies at 101 Toronto went 3-3 on its Western Conference road swing.A game after an “embarrassing performance” in a 129-111 loss to Denver, according to Toronto coach Dwane Casey, the Raptors repeatedly got into the lane and found open shooters. They led 99-87 after Norman Powell’s 3-pointer midway through the fourth.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutFrom there, the Raptors let DeRozan go to work on isolation plays that resulted in six straight points as they put the game out of reach.Rookie guard Donovan Mitchell followed his career-high 28 points on Wednesday with 25 to lead the Jazz. Rodney Hood added 17 points but had another rough shooting night, going 6 for 19. Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Gameslast_img read more

Khali aids Mahal to retain WWE title at WWE Battleground

first_imgFEU Auditorium’s 70th year celebrated with FEU Theater Guild’s ‘The Dreamweavers’ ONE fighter Batolbatol passes away MOST READ It was already a tough draw for Orton, with the Singh brothers interjecting themselves numerous times in the match but tried his best to fend off the interference. He even punched Samir Singh out of his way and forced the latter to crash to the announce table on the outside.But the number’s gain was just too much to fight through, with Mahal keeping the title in his grasp.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool starsIn the night’s other matches, John Cena bested Rusev in their flag match, finishing his Bulgarian foe with an Attitude Adjustment on a pair of tables before erecting the flag of the USA on the podium.Kevin Owens also reclaimed the WWE United States Championship after turning AJ Styles’ crossface into a pin to stun his fierce rival. Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ LATEST STORIES Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ In the kickoff show, Aiden English beat Tye Dillinger after nailing the Director’s Cut. IDL The New Day became the new SmackDown Tag Team Champions, topping The Usos after Kofi Kingston nailed Jimmy Uso with the Trouble in Paradise, followed by Xavier Woods connecting with the Elbow Drop.Natalya also earned her title shot at SmackDown Women’s Champion Naomi after outlasting four other contenders in their five-woman elimination match.The Queen of Harts got her knees up on Charlotte’s moonsault and followed it with a small package to drive the latter’s head to the bottom turnbuckle, scoring the pinfall. Becky Lynch, Lana, and Tamina were also part of the match but got eliminated early.Baron Corbin disqualified himself in his match against Shinsuke Nakamura, nailing the King of Strong Style with a lowblow before attacking him with his Money in the Bank briefcase and connecting with the End of Days in a post-match attack.Sami Zayn gained a measure of retribution against Mike Kanellis, hitting the Helluva Kick for the three-count.ADVERTISEMENT View comments Church, environmentalists ask DENR to revoke ECC of Quezon province coal plant National Coffee Research Development and Extension Center brews the 2nd National Coffee Education Congress Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo El Nido residents told to vacate beach homes Jinder Mahal successfully defends his WWE Championship, outlasting Randy Orton in their Punjabi Prison match with the aid of The Great Khali. Photo by WWE.comThe Great Khali made his shocking return and assisted Jinder Mahal to successfully defend his WWE Championship against Randy Orton in their Punjabi Prison match Sunday (Monday, Manila time) at WWE Battleground in Philadelphia.With the Viper sensing victory, the Indian giant came out and rocked the outer cell to force Orton back in the prison. There, Khali choked Orton from the outside, allowing Mahal to climb out of the cell and win the match.ADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Trump strips away truth with hunky topless photo tweetlast_img read more


first_imgAll results and touchdown scorers can be found using the SportingPulse website link at the bottom of this page. DAY ONE: 1:00PM Mixed U18/20’s: New Zealand 18’s (6) def Australia 20’s (5) Mixed U18/20’s: New Zealand 20’s (13) def Cook Island 18’s (0) Mixed U18/20’s: Cook Islands 20’s (15) def Thailand 18’s (0) 1:55PM Womens U18/20’s: New Zealand 18’s (16) v South Africa 18’s (0) Womens U18/20’s: Australia 20’s (11) v South Africa 20’s (3) Womens U18/20’s: Australia 18’s (3) v New Zealand 20’s (2) Mens U20’s: Australia (13) v Samoa (0) 2:50PM Mens U20’s: South Africa (6) drew Lebanon (6) Mens U18’s: New Zealand (5) def Australia (1) Mens U18’s: Norfolk Island (8) def South Africa (7) 3:45PM Mixed U18/20’s: New Zealand 18’s (13) def Cook Islands 18’s (1) Mixed U18/20’s: New Zealand 20’s (6) def Australian 18’s (3) Mixed U18/20’s: Australia 20’s (10) def Cook Islands 20’s (6) 4:40PM Womens U18/20’s: South Africa 20’s (5) def South Africa 18’s (3) Womens U18/20’s: New Zealand 18’s (7) def New Zealand 20’s (3) 5:35PM Mens U18’s: Australia (14) def Norfolk Island (3) Mens U18’s: New Zealand (12) def South Africa (1) Womens U18/20’s: Australia 20’s (4) def Australia 18’s (0) 6:30PM Mens U20’s: Australia (12) def Lebanon (2) Mens U20’s: New Zealand (17) def Samoa (1) DAY TWO: 8:30AM Mens U18’s: Australia (14) def South Africa (2) 9:30AM Mens U18’s: New Zealand (15) def Norfolk Island (2) Womens U18/20’s: New Zealand 18 (7) def Australia 18 (4) Womens U18/20’s: Australia 20 (15) def South Africa 18 (0) Womens U18/20’s: New Zealand 20 (14) def South Africa 20 (1) 10:30AM Mixed U18/20’s: New Zealand 18 (12) def Australia 18 (3) Mixed U18/20’s: Australia 20 (26) def Thailand 18 (1) Mixed U18/20’s: New Zealand 20 (9) def Cook Islands 20 (2) 2:00PM Mens U20’s: Australia (10) def South Africa (2) Mens U20’s: New Zealand (11) def Lebanon (1) 3:00PM Mens U18’s: New Zealand (8) def Australia (3) Mens U18’s: Norfolk Island (12) def South Africa (2) 4:00PM Womens U18/20’s: Australia 20 (5) def New Zealand 20 (2) Womens U18/20’s: Australia 18 (14) def South Africa 18 (0) Womens U18/20’s: New Zealand 18 (18) def South Africa 20 (0) 5:00PM Mixed U18/20’s: New Zealand 20 (4) def Australia 20 (2) Mixed U18/20’s: New Zealand 18 (24) def Thailand 18 (0) Mixed U18/20’s: Australia 18 (13) v Cook Islands 18 (0) 6:00PM Mens U20’s: Australia (6) def New Zealand (2) Mens U20’s: Samoa (2) drew South Africa (2) DAY THREE 8:30AM Mixed U18/20’s: Cook Islands 18 (15) def Thailand 18 (4) Mixed U18/20’s: Australia 20 (4) def Australia 18 (1) Mixed U18/20’s: New Zealand 18 (12) def Cook Islands 20 (4) 9:30AM Boys U18’s: New Zealand (11) def South Africa Boys U18’s : Australia (11) def Norfolk Island (3) Boys U20’s: New Zealand (14) def South Africa (2) Boys U20’s: Lebanon (10) def Samoa (3) 10:30AM Girls U18/20’s : New Zealand G20 (10) def South Africa G18 (0) Girls U18/20’s : Australia G18 (18) def South Africa G20 (1) Girls U18/20’s : Australia G20 (6) drew New Zealand G18 (6) 2:00PM Mixed U18/20’s: Cook Islands 20 (7) def Cook Islands 18 (5) Mixed U18/20’s: Australia 18 (21) def Thailand 18 (1) Mixed U18/20’s: New Zealand 18 (3) drew New Zealand 20 (3) 3:00PM Boys U18’s: Australia (13) def South Africa (0) Boys U18’s: New Zealand (11) def Norfolk Island (3) 4:00PM Girls 18’s Semi Final 1: Australia (12) def South Africa (0) Girls 20’s Semi Final 1: New Zealand (11) def South Africa (0) 5:00PM Mixed U18/20’s: New Zealand 20 (24) def Thailand 18 (0) Mixed U18/20’s: Australia 18 (6) def Cook Islands 20 (0) Mixed U18/20’s: Australia 20 (15) def Cook Islands 18 (0) 6:00PM Boys 20’s Semi Final 1: Australia (7) def South Africa (0) Boys 20’s Semi Final 2: New Zealand (4) def Lebanon (0) SATURDAY- FINALS DAY 9:00AM Mixed 18’s Semi Final 1: New Zealand (24) def Thailand (0) Mixed 18’s Semi Final 2: Australia (11) def Cook Islands (1) 10:00AM Mens 18’s Semi Final 1: Australia (11) def South Africa (1) Mens 20’s Play off for bronze: Lebanon (5) def South Africa (2) Mixed 20’s Semi Final 1: Australia (17) def Cook Islands (2) 11:00AM Womens 18’s Grand Final: New Zealand (5) def Australia (2) Scorers: NZ- Q Tupaea, J Tupaea, S Pidduck, C Pidduck, Easton Aus- Skwarko, N Etheridge, 12:00PM Mixed 18’s Grand Final: Australia (7) def New Zealand (4) Scorers: Aus- Heuser (2), Hammett, Nicholls, Shepherd, Caspani, Springfield. NZ- Dunn (3), Matiaha 1:00PM Mens 18’s Grand Final: New Zealand (8) def Australia (5) Scorers: NZ: Reilly (2), Tarau, Stone, Black, Bason, Graham, Mauriohooho Aus: Bonner, Taylor, Hennessesy, Owen, Naughton 2:00PM Mixed 20’s Grand Final: New Zealand (9) def Australia (4) Scorers: NZ-Gupmell (3), Fleming (2), Grant, Masters, Kerrisk, Blakely Aus- Brown, Curry, Denning, Jennings 3:00PM Womens 20’s Grand Final: Australia (4) def New Zealand (2) Scorers: Aus- Ingram, Howe, Basely, McGennity NZ- Milo, Townsend 4:00PM Mens 20’s Grand Final: New Zealand (4) def Australia (3) (in a drop-off) Scorers: NZ- Edwards (2), Evans, Loudon Aus- Rawlinson (2), Mitchell LINKS: Stories will be on the homepage, as well as archived under the link `Tournaments’ then `International Events’ on the left hand side of the homepage. Simply follow the links to the 2005 Youth World Cup stories. For other Youth World Cup stories check out the Federation of International Touch site using the following link: FEDERATION OF INTERNATIONAL TOUCH For all the latest results check out the SportingPulse site using the following link:SPORTINGPULSE RESULTS/DRAW HOMEPAGElast_img

College GameDay Announces That It Will Head To Philadelphia For Temple vs. Notre Dame

first_imgCollege GameDay graphic for Temple vs. Notre Dame.Instagram/American_confComing into the season, Temple looked to be one of the easiest games on Notre Dame’s schedule. Two months later, Temple is 7-0 and a favorite in a very solid AAC conference, and Saturday’s game in Philadelphia is one of the best on the schedule. Now, College GameDay is officially heading to the City of Brotherly Love, making this potentially one of the biggest weekends in Temple football history.We’re coming to Philly! See you Saturday, @Temple_FB and @NDFootball.— College GameDay (@CollegeGameDay) October 26, 2015Temple is very excited..@CollegeGameDay @Temple_FB @NDFootball— Temple Owls (@TempleOwls) October 26, 2015While we love seeing GameDay at places with a ton of history and classic college football Saturday atmospheres, it is always cool when the show heads somewhere new and unique. Temple certainly fits that bill. The Owls and Fighting Irish kick off at 8 p.m. on Saturday night. Notre Dame opens as a 10.5 point favorite in the game.last_img read more

Recycling all that crap

first_imgThe latest data on rural sanitation from the Union Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MDWS) has said that more than 99 per cent of India’s rural households have been covered by toilets. The National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey of 2018-19 points out that around 38 per cent of the toilets are attached to some kind of septic tank. Officials from MDWS say the septic tank is the most popular option for people, who have a tendency to move towards it as an option for on-site sanitation. Also Read – A special kind of bondThis raises a concern — what will happen to the huge of amount of faecal sludge sucked out of these tanks? Subhash Kirpal, a resident of Linga gram panchayat of Nagpur district in Maharashtra says communities that are well-off prefer septic tanks. In Uttar Pradesh’s Kannauj district, the toilets in the Umrada block constructed under the Swachh Bharat Mission are attached to box-like containment structures wrongly termed as “septic tanks”. Kirpal explains that faecal sludge in the septic tank (or the box in some cases) is emptied by honey suckers and dumped in agricultural fields. The villagers struggle with the raw faecal sludge in the fields. There have been studies to show that dry faecal sludge can be mixed with organic wastes and used for crop production successfully. Countries like India and Bangladesh have implemented some of these projects. Also Read – Insider threat managementAccording to Olufunke Cofie, International Water Management Institute, Africa Regional Office, Ghana, inorganic fertiliser is not sufficient to add nutrients to the soil for crop production. Cofie says that excreta contains valuable nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium and organic matter. Municipal solid wastes (MSW), which are also dumped without planning, contain phosphorous, nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium and carbon. Co-composting of faecal sludge and MSW complement each other and provide missing components to each other as per Cofie. The microbial population in the final product is reduced enormously says a 2009 study by Cofie. The study says that the final product complies with the 2006 standards of the World Health Organization for the safe reuse of faecal sludge. A study published in 2017 in the International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture shows that de-watered faecal sludge mixed with agricultural wastes like oil palm, empty fruit bunches or cocoa pod husks is a good fertiliser. An experiment had been carried out at the University of Ghana at the Forest and Horticultural Crops Research Centre. The researchers point out that Ghana produces around 3.5 million tonnes of human excreta based on the average production of 400 grams per capita per day. Similarly, the country also produces 3,135,000 tonnes of empty fruit bunches and 550,750 tonnes of dry cocoa husks. This leaves a lot of human and agricultural wastes in the environment, which are dumped in landfills. According to the authors, co-composting of dried faecal sludge and agricultural wastes can be used as an alternative option for managing these wastes and to produce a suitable soil amendment. The Rural Development Organisation Trust, a Tamil Nadu-based non-profit that has been working in the Nilgiris since 1980, has put up three faecal sludge treatment plants (FSTP). The compost from here is blended with kitchen waste compost. About two tonnes of co-compost is produced every day, says Raj Kumar, the Chief Executive Officer of the plant. Kumar explains the Ketty Town Panchayat in the Nilgiris has developed an FSTP a year-and-a-half ago. There are 68 villages here, with 40 to 50 households in each village. The toilets are either connected to leach pits or septic tanks. The tanks are emptied by honey suckers and brought to the plant. The Town Panchayat has a resource recovery park and the FSTP has been developed as a part of this. The manure is tested at a laboratory in Chennai every month before being distributed to farmers at a subsidised price of Rs 5 per kilogram. The revenue is collected by the Town Panchayat. According to Kumar, the cost of the FSTP comes to Rs 50,000 per kilolitre per day. (The author is the Programme Manager, Water Programme. She is a geologist by training and works on the policy related issues of water management and sanitation. The views expressed are strictly personal)last_img read more